A unique perspective on Tanzanian wildlife and landscape.
For the country with both the biggest and the deepest lake in Africa, Tanzania visitors have relatively little opportunity for canoeing safaris. The only areas where game viewing can be done from a canoe are in Arusha National Park, Lake Duluti and in Lake Manyara National Park (if water level is sufficient). This is all canoeing on lakes, not rivers and the safaris are no longer than 3-hours.
They started canoeing operations in Lake Manyara National Park after El Nino flooded most of the park and a canoe was a very sensible means of game viewing. This was the first adventure activity to be allowed in any Tanzanian National Park and they are still operate this activity for the parks. A well trained guide will accompany your canoe safari.
Canoeing Momella Lake (Arusha National Park)
Enjoy a peaceful and scenic canoeing safari following the shorelines of small Momella Lake. On this 2- 2.5 hours canoe safari you can view buffaloes, bushbuck, giraffes, hippos and many water birds living in and close to the water.
Canoeing Lake Manyara (Manyara National Park)
Lake Manyara is home to an incredible array of bird life, including thousands of pink-hued flamingos. You can get very close to giraffes, elephants, buffalos and other animals grazing on the shoreline. All from the comfort of your canoe. Enjoy the
breathtaking scenery and the beauty that surrounds you on this 2.5 hours canoe safari.
Canoeing Lake Duluti (Arusha)
Glide across the smooth surface of this small Crater Lake and view birdlife seldom seen; Giant kingfisher, Fish eagle, Darters and many more. Surrounded by forested crater walls this is a very special and quiet 1,5 hour canoeing experience. View hundreds of cattle egrets returning to an island in the lake to roost for the night.
Ndutu is situated inthe south eastern part of the Serengeti ecosystem. For decades now Ndutu plains has been the choice of professional wildlife photographers, film - makers and biologists alike. They come for a reason....... it is the best place in the Serengeti- ngorongoro ecosystems to watch wildlife and its fun.
- Walking safaris
- Walking safari in Tanzania:
The most authentic safari experience Walking safaris are the purest form of safari.
- Walking safaris in Tanzania are completely different to game drives. On foot you are a participant in the world of wildlife rather than a spectator, which is a thrilling safari experience.
Feel, hear and smell Tanzania
Imagine, you walk on the same path as the elephants and other wildlife, you feel the wind through you hair, hear a lion roar in the distance and smell the bush and wildlife. Your senses awaken, as you become part of your environment and the wilderness becomes more real.
Wildlife up close and personal
While animals will generally ignore you in a vehicle, they see you as another type of animal when you are on foot. Getting up close-and personal with wildlife is definitely a rush of excitement.Walking is also a great way to appreciate the smaller wildlife, which can't be so easily seen from a vehicle.
Access remote areas on foot
On foot you can walk intro remote areas and reach places that a safari car can’t. Once on foot, you are not constrained by roads and can go almost anywhere you like. Away from the crowds, off the beaten track. It offers you a freedom incomparable to any game drive safari. Pioneer in walking safaris ADH Africa is a pioneer in setting up walking safaris, particularly in the Serengeti National Park. Only few handful of companies have been granted permission to enter this park on foot. The regulations stipulate that an armed and qualified walking guide from the operating company must accompany all walks. An armed ranger from the National Park will also join every walk.
Serengeti, Tarangire, Ngorongoro
We offer a wide range of walking safari options, so you can tailor your walking safari to be exactly what you want and nothing you don't. These walks are absolutely one of the best and most memorable African experiences on earth!
Hot Air Balloon
A pre-dawn mist covers the Serengeti plain like a blanket, billowy gray over dewy green, as well as a peaceful hush. Your balloon pilot let the fires blaze into the rainbow-striped expanse of the balloon above you, and then…you’re aloft.
It is an effortless feeling usually reserved for dreams… natural, feather-light, exhilarating. There, looking out over a stunning landscape, from your peerless perch, in the calming silence of the African dawn… it’s hard to imagine it getting any better. And then, the star of the show—quite literally, in fact—pokes out from under its terrestrial cloak.
The sun rises, a candle burning through the gauzy clouds, illuminating the broad lands below. You glide over the denizens of the bush—a group of strolling giraffes, grazing zebras, wildebeest ramming their heads in a battle of wills. Here, with an angel’s-eye view of a heavenly landscape, time stands still… even as Africa’s timeless drama plays out below.
Eventually (likely against your pleadings) the pilot lands the balloon softly on the grass, where a champagne breakfast awaits. It is the perfect end to a transcendental experience… and yet your day will have only just begun.
Tanzania is an excellent destination for birders. Besides Lake Manyara and Arusha National Parks which are famous for water birds and other savannah and forest species, all the game parks in Tanzania have an amazing array of birdlife including Eurasian migrants.
The most interesting part is that the birdlife may vary from park to park depending on habitats providing a richer viewing experience to the birder.
It may be useful to learn that over 1,130 different species of birds have been recorded in Tanzania – the largest number in Africa second only to the Democratic Republic of Congo.
Below is a list of a few game parks and the number of bird species that have been recorded in each:
- Arusha National Park – over 400 bird species including water birds in Momella Lakes
- Lake Manyara National Park – over 400 bird species including water birds
- Ngorongoro Conservation Area – over 550 bird species
- Tarangire National Park – over 550 bird species
- Serengeti National Park – over 400 bird species
- Mikumi National Park – over 400 bird species
- Selous Game Reserve – over 440 bird species
- Ruaha National Park – over 571 bird species
- Udzungwa Mountains – over 250 species mainly forest species
Tanzania Photographic Safaris
Combining the excitement of Northern Tanzania legendary savannahs: Tarangire ,Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti, with the romance of its most exclusive resorts, such as the Four Seasons Safari Lodge, this is a quintessential safari experience that is unabashedly indulgent.
Photographic Safari Expedition
Set out on a photo safari amid some of East Africa’s most spectacular landscapes and hone your skills while photographing an ever-changing tableau of wildlife. Learn how best to capture movement and light as you frame dazzling herds of zebras, majestic lion prides, and wildebeests on their annual migration across the Serengeti. Spend time with the Maasai and document their traditions in the Ngorongoro Highlands.
‘’Like stepping stones back in time, photographs instantly conjure up our favourite memories and transport us back to some of our most cherished moments in life.
With Mother Nature and her magnificent natural landscapes as the canvas, and the ever-entertaining and endearing wildlife as the subjects, it’s no surprise that photographic safaris have become so popular.
We position our customised photographic vehicles in some of the world’s most sought-after bucket list destinations, where our highly specialised photographic guides share their tips and expertise to inspire both professional and aspiring photographers.
Learn how best to work with movement and light as you frame dazzling herds of zebra, lolling lions, and a colorful spectrum of birds.
Spend time with the Maasai in their village and enjoy a rare chance to shoot portraits and photograph the traditional way of life of these iconic pastoralists.
Head out on safaris, walks, and other activities designed to maximize photographic opportunities.
Go on a photo shoot at a coffee plantation, and fill your lens with scenes of lush fields, bright coffee beans, and local culture.
Tanzania Spectacular Safari
The Ngorongoro Crater, Serengeti National Park, Mt.Kilimanjaro… just a few of the alluring names evoked at the mention of Tanzania—and all visited in unrivaled luxury on this exhilarating safari.
Why consider a Bespoke Safaris?
For the privacy: We’ve created especially enjoyable private Bespoke Safaris for eager first-timers, connoisseurs, celebrities, college buddies, friends-since-kindergarten, big bubbly families, and avid parties of one.
For the service: Every Bespoke Safari is accompanied from beginning to end by a highly-credentialed Safari Guide.
Our unique ADH Concierge Service is at your beck and call 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
And behind all this is Our family’s celebrated commitment to open-hearted, unstinting service.
For the flexibility–Completely personalized Our Bespoke Safaris can include everything from hiking in mystic cloud forests, fishing, rafting, scuba diving, horse-backing , and jogging with Maasai warriors to hammock-lazing, long picnics in the shade of acacia trees, and leisurely–or highly focused–game drives.
If you’re enticed by a particular camp or lodge, a famed or lesser-known place, or a specific safari theme (predators, tribal cultures, geography, let’s say) we’ll make it happen for you. Some people go on safari in search of serenity and refreshment. Some seek strenuous adventure. Our Bespoke Safari can accommodate either or both approaches. Our experts will construct a safari that meets your interest and energy levels, day—by—day, hour—by—hour.
Bespoke or Classic?
Our small-group, guaranteed-departure Classic Safaris operate with the same deep dedication to service and comfort as our private Bespoke Safaris.
Classic Safaris are also a bountiful source of inspirations for your Bespoke Safari—in fact, this entire website is a grand grab bag of ideas for places to safari, lodges and camps to luxuriate in, and activities to be astounded by.
For instance, you might look at the 15-day, 45-guaranteed-departures-a-year ,Our ADH Photographic Safari and tell us, “That looks great for my family, let’s do it,” turning the small group safari into your own private safari. Or you might want to tinker with the itinerary a bit or a lot.
Our Bespoke experts will work alongside you to create a customized itinerary that fits your needs exactly.
You may want to research some more, or you may be inspired to get your dream safari rolling right now by looking at some of the great regional destinations.
From the dramatic northern frontier of Tanzania ‘s Kilimanjaro National Park, across the -Serengeti to the massive Ngorongoro Crater and Hemingway’s favorite Lake Manyara , take the road less traveled on a journey that recalls the days of safari yore.
Leisurely two-night stays in Arusha, Ngorongoro Crater, The Serengeti with exhilarating flights to expedite travel make this comprehensive African Safari one of our most popular.
There can be no greater thrill than introducing your children to the wonders of Africa. Whether it’s watching their astonished expressions as they come face to face with an elephant for the first time or their excitement when they find the safari tent is so much more than the one they use in the garden, it’s bound to be an unforgettable experience.
Family safaris experienced first hand
Most of us here at African Dream Holiday & Photographic Safaris have children and have travelled extensively with them in Tanzania , so we really do know what works when it comes to planning a family safari.
Expert family safari guides
We know which guides have that truly engage children of all ages, at which they will learn to make bows and arrows, or abut conservation, or get an authentic glimpse of tribal culture.
Family safari and beach combinations
A few nights on the beach make the perfect complement to a family safari. East Africa is blessed with endless Indian Ocean beaches, or you can combine safari with Zanzibar coasts.
Family safari accommodation
From the grandest lodge to the humblest tent, all the accommodation we choose in Africa shares the classic luxuries of a traditional safari. Crisp white linen, attentive hosts and bush chefs to conjure culinary delicacie
Travel in the school holidays
The two most popular times for families to travel are Christmas and the summer holidays. Easter is also an excellent time to visit Africa and is a good way of avoiding the ‘high season’ costs associated with Christmas and the summer months.
Family safari activities
Showing children the African bush and all its secrets will almost certainly be the highlight of your holiday. But a family safari doesn’t just mean game drives. We know that children will get bored in a vehicle for hours on end so will be able to suggest all sorts of other ways to explore the bush.
Where's best for a family safari?
All of the Parks in which we operate work well for children. Our recommendations will depend on what you most want to see and do, time of travel and ages of your children. We visit all the properties we sell so know which have ideal facilities, who does the best junior ranger programmes and where the guides will play baseball with elephant dung balls and bats made from sticks.
When to travel on a family safari
Africa is a truly vast continent with many different altitudes and seasons. This means that the weather varies enormously. Planning a family safari that avoids the traditional rains and extremes of humidity and temperature is possible all the year round.
Tailor made safari itineraries
Key on a family safari is variety which is why we will suggest, if you have time, that you visit several different camps on your holiday. We’ll put together an itinerary with a good mix of camps and lodges with a range of different activities.
The best age for a family safari
The family safaris we plan tend to be for children of six years and over, but we can arrange suitable trips for families with younger children.
Zanzibar. It’s perfumed air caresses travellers with scents of the spices that have grown in abundance throughout the island since time began. Exotic and enchanting, this Indian Ocean isle allures travellers with a personality and pace all its own—just a short hop from mainland Tanzania, but a world away. The name alone conjures a romantic daydream. Meandering streets are lined – …
Zanzibar is the land of spices and sunshine. From your villa on the water, watch the golden sun sparkle on topaz waters and sugary beaches, cycle down the friendly paths in search of adventure, or venture into Stone Town and the exotic spice market.
Conquering Mt Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro ( /ˌkɪlɪmənˈdʒɑːroʊ/), with its three volcanic cones, "Kibo", "Mawenzi", and "Shira", is a dormant volcano in Tanzania. It is the highest mountain in Africa, about 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) from its base to 5,895 metres (19,341 ft) above sea level. The first people known to have reached the summit of the mountain were Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller in 1889. The mountain is part of the Kilimanjaro National Park and is a major climbing destination. The mountain has been the subject of many scientific studies because of its shrinking glaciers and disappearing ice fields.
Ngorongoro Crater Highlights
Ngorongoro Crater. Ngorongoro crater tours are essential part of any visit to Africa. This UNESCO world heritage site holds a wealth of fascinating areas of interest for historians and the general public.
Ngorongoro Crater: Wildlife Highlights Ngorongoro Crater is one of the most likely areas in Tanzania to see the endangered Black Rhino, as a small population is thriving in this idyllic and protected environment.
The crater that was left gradually filled up with soil enabling plants to take root, and eventually providing an ecosystem for a vast variety of wildlife
Serengeti National Park
The Serengeti National Park is the most photographed and filmed game reserves in Africa. With an incredibly dense population of wildlife and never-ending rolling plains, the Serengeti offers an authentic and idyllic wilderness safari.
This is the Africa many of us dream of: an abundance of wildlife, beauty, tranquillity and endless clear, summer days.
The Serengeti National Park is located in Tanzania and is over 14 763 square kilometres in size. The park can be divided into three parts, according to their vegetation; the Serengeti Plains, the Western Corridor, and the Northern Serengeti.
The Serengeti is a conservation area; people are prohibited from living in the park unless they are part of park or tourist lodge staff.
The parks huge wildlife population is its greatest claim to fame. Every year, over 2.5 million white-bearded wildebeest and 1.5 million zebras migrate from one side of the park to another in search of fresh grazing.
The trek takes them several weeks and is a true site to behold as many predators snatch up prey along the way; a spectacle of predator verses prey.
Undoubtedly, this is the best and most exciting game viewing in all of Africa.
Serengeti National Park is perhaps the most famous game reserve in the world because of its huge population of predators and the annual wildebeest migration. Many of BBC's nature documentaries like Planet Earth
This safari offers the best highlights of Tanzania's Northern Circuit. ... Focus on the Great Migration in Northern Serengeti by the Mara River and offers the opportunity to see river crossings;
Witness the most amazing wildlife spectacle in Africa at the Mara River. The Mara River is most famous for the legendary wildebeest crossing, a dramatic event, which is featured in countless wildlife documentaries. One of Tanzania's best kept secrets is the fact that nearly half of the Mara River is situated in the North Serengeti versus the Masai Mara's segment in Kenya. While there are hordes of vehicles just a few miles upriver in the Masai Mara, the Serengeti side is virtually devoid of tourists.
Tanzania has the lion's share of the action, with approximately 75% of the annual wildebeest migration period spent in Tanzania. An exclusive highlight of the Tanzania migration safari is the calving season which occurs in February on the Serengeti Southern Plains. Another unforgettable spectacle is the tens of thousands crossing the Grumeti River between June and July.
The other major highlight is the crossing of the Mara River. The Mara River is the natural border between Kenya and Tanzania separating the Maasai Mara and the Serengeti on either side of it, The Maasai Mara can be chaotically busy, while the northern sections of the Serengeti have far fewer visitors and more exclusive sightings.
Tarangire National Park
Tarangire National Park is the sixth largest national park in Tanzania, it is located in Manyara Region. The name of the park originates from the Tarangire River that crosses the park. The Tarangire River is the primary source of fresh water for wild animals in the Tarangire Ecosystem during the annual dry season. The Tarangire Ecosystem is defined by the long-distance migration ofwildebeest and zebras. During the dry season thousands of animals concentrate in Tarangire National Park from the surrounding wet-season dispersal and calving areas.
It covers an area of approximately 2,850 square kilometers (1,100 square miles.) The landscape is composed of granitic ridges, river valley, and swamps. Vegetation is a mix of Acacia woodland, Commiphora-Combretum woodland, seasonally flooded grassland, and Baobab trees.
The park is famous for its high density of elephants and baobab trees. Visitors to the park in the June to November dry season can expect to see large herds of thousands of zebra, wildebeest and cape buffalo. Other common resident animals include waterbuck, giraffe, dik dik, impala, eland, Grant's gazelle,vervet monkey, banded mongoose, and olive baboon. Predators in Tarangire include African lion, leopard, cheetah, caracal, honey badger, and African wild dog.
Home to more than 550 bird species, the park is a haven for bird enthusiasts.
Lake Manyara National Park
Lake Manyara National Park is a Tanzanian national park located both in Arusha Region and Manyara Region, Tanzania. The two administrative regions have no jurisdiction over the parks. The park is governed by the Tanzania National Parks Authority. The majority of the land area of the park is a narrow strip running between the Gregory Rift wall to the west and Lake Manyara, an alkaline or soda-lake, to the east.
The park consists of 330 km2 (130 sq mi) of arid land, forest, and a soda-lake which covers as much as 200 km2 (77 sq mi) of land during the wet season but is nearly nonexistent during the dry season.
Lake Manyara National Park is known for the flamingos that inhabit the lake. During the wet season they inhabit the edges of the lake in flocks of thousands but they are not so present during the dry season.
More than 400 species of birds inhabit the park and many remain throughout the year. Because of this Lake Manyara National Park is a good spot for bird watching. Visitors to the park can expect to see upwards of 100 different species of bird on any day.
Leopards, East African lions, cheetahs, elephants, blue monkeys, dik-dik, gazelles, hippopotami, Masai giraffe, impala, zebras and many more wild animals inhabit this park and many can be seen throughout the year. There is a hippo pond at one end of the park where visitors can get out of their cars and observe from a safe distance. The leopards and lions are both known to lounge in the trees while not hunting for prey.
Whether you’re a safari novice or a complete wildlife addict, you simply cannot beat seeing the great wildebeest migration in Kenya or Tanzania. The sights, sounds and smells of such a vast number of wildebeest and zebra on the move, followed every step by hungry predators, is quite remarkable.
The famous river crossings offer the extraordinary spectacle of thousands of anxious animals channeled into tight crossing points, dodging the huge Mara crocodiles waiting in their path. It’s an ancient battle of life and death, and one of the best wildlife shows on earth.
Although it has the appearance of an evolutionary calamity, the wildebeest is one of Africa’s most successful inhabitants, especially in the Serengeti ecosystem that straddles the Kenya / Tanzania border. This is where the famous migration occurs, and where herds approaching two million head wander between the southernmost parts of the Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, and the Masai Mara away to the north.
Great Migrators Experience
You’ll find the migration in Ngorongoro Ndutu plains and the Serengeti in northern Tanzania.
Two and a half million wildebeest, along with One and a half million zebra and several 1,000,000 gazelle.
The migration travels roughly clockwise through the ecosystem, reaching its most northerly point between July and October, and the most southerly from late December to early April.
It’s not regular or consistent; they are wild animals and do as they please.
The easiest places to see the migration are in the Northern Serengeti river crossing, and southern Serengeti-Ndutu plains.
Several permanent tented camps in the Northern Serengeti are in the perfect position for famous river crossings which mostly take place between July and October.
Apart from the predators, the resident wildlife tends to move out of the way when the herds arrive.
The migration is a year round event but the best times to see the action is during the calving season between January to March, and during the summer when they cross the Mara River from July to October.
Consider staying in a semi-permanent camp which will move seasonally, according to game densities.
Where to See The Wildebeest Migration?
The famous wildebeest migration occurs when herds approaching Five million wander between the southernmost parts of the Serengeti National Park, the Ngorongoro Conservation Area-Ndutu plains and Northern Serengeti-Mara in search of grass on the open plains.
Semi-permanent migration camps To get you close to the action of the wildebeest migration Tanzania’s safari operators shift their tented camps twice a year.
Between January and March, they head to the south of the Serengeti for the calving and between July and October they’re in the north of the national park for the river crossings.
What to combine with a migration safari?
While the wildebeest migration might be your main focus, you have plenty of holiday options to combine with it. In Sinya West Kilimanjaro head off to walk with camels or see Kilimanjaro’s snowy peak from Kilimanjaro National Park.
Stay on the rim of the crater at Ngorongoro, or fly to Rwanda and experience the ‘gorillas in the mist’ in Virunga National Park.
TANZANIA - WHERE TO STAY DURING MIGRATION TIME
Singita’s Mara River Tented Camp and Mara Tented Camp is one of many camps in the north of the Serengeti, but a favorite. Ndutu Safari lodge during calving season from mid-Feb through March.
It sits high on the banks of the Mara River in a prime position to see the migrating wildebeest taking their chances against the swirling waters and the crocodiles that lie in wait. There are other luxury camps in the area and mobile tented camps are set up seasonally.
The wildebeest migration in Tanzania Both the south and north sectors of the Serengeti host the wildebeest migration, with calving in the south between January and March before the trek north towards the Masai Mara during June-July.
They move back into the northern Serengeti on the journey south around November/December. Mobile tented safari camps follow the action and can ensure you can holiday close to the herds.
Probably the most famous and most filmed portion of the wildebeest migration occurs when the herds begin their treacherous journey across the Mara River.
Around late June into July, they cross the river into Maasai Mara -Kenya and then in late September into October, they reverse journeying back to Serengeti-Tanzania.
A day spent by a crossing point can become one of the highlights of a safari holiday.
Seemingly assembled from a disparate collection of ill matched parts, wildebeest are plentiful all over the continent but especially in the Mara / Serengeti ecosystem that straddles the Kenya / Tanzania border where, in the wide rolling grasslands, the wildebeest has found its ideal habitat.
Their annual migration follows the rains which feed the grassy plains.
THE MIGRATION CIRCLE
The wildebeest eest migration follows a vague pattern annually: in the south (Tanzania) January to March, in the north (Mara and Serengeti) July to October, travelling between these areas in the other months.
This does vary and is influenced by rainfall and food availability with herds zig-zagging and backtracking apparently randomly at times.
When to see the wildebeest migration Essentially, the best times of year for visitors to see this amazing collection of beasts are during the calving season from January to March (Southern Serengeti-Ndutu) and during our summer from July to October (Northern Serengeti - Masai Mara).
The herds are accessible from a number of lodges and tended safari camps in Tanzania at these times of year.
Arusha Park Highlights
Arusha National Park's highlights can be seen in a single day, and the park is the only park in Tanzania's northern circuit in which a walking safari is possible.
As you enjoy the sights of the white and black Colobus monkeys, you will have an unclouded view of Mt. Meru, the continent's 5th highest mountain peak. It is also interesting to know that the mountain is still an active volcano and billowing fumes can be occasionally be seen rising from the highest summits.
Outstanding Wildlife Diversity
Due to the varied landscapes that exist within the park, there is an unusually high level of diversity when it comes to wildlife.
Not only is the park home to Africa's largest giraffe population, but visitors can also expect to see water bucks, cape buffalo, elephants, blue monkeys, black and white colobus monkeys, turacos, trogons, and even the occasional lion or leopard in the right conditions.
The park also boasts an incredibly diverse variety of bird-life, making it a popular stop for birding enthusiasts.
There's nowhere else on earth that the transition between a pristine mountainous landscape and a bustling city landscape is as abrupt as it in Arusha National Park.
Tucked away in mainland Tanzania, this protected park is largely dominated by the imposing Mt. Meru and wears the crown of the 'most topographically dynamic and beautiful wildlife parks'. Not only does it shelter the Ngorongoro Crater but it is also home to the planet's largest population of African giraffes.
RUAHA NATIONAL PARK
Ruaha National Park is the largest national park in Tanzania. The addition of the Usangu Game Reserve and other important wetlands to the park in 2008 increased its size to about 20,226 square kilometres (7,809 sq mi), making it the largest park in Tanzania and East Africa.
The park is about 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Iringa. The park is a part of the 45,000 square kilometres (17,000 sq mi) Rungwa-Kizigo-Muhesi ecosystem, which includes the Rungwa Game Reserve, the Kizigo and Muhesi Game Reserves, and the Mbomipa Wildlife Management Area.
The name of the park is derived from the Great Ruaha River, which flows along its southeastern margin and is the focus for game-viewing. The park can be reached by car on a dirt road from Iringa and there are two airstrips – Msembe airstrip at Msembe (park headquarters), and Jongomeru Airstrip, near the Jongomeru Ranger Post.
Germany gazetted the Saba Game Reserve in 1910. British colonial authorities changed the name to the Rungwa Game Reserve in 1946. In 1964, the southern portion of the reserve was excised and elevated to full park status.
More than 571 species of birds have been identified in the park. Among the resident species are hornbills. Many migratory birds visit the park.
Other noted animals found in this park are East African cheetah and lion, African leopard and wild dog, spotted hyena, giraffe, hippopotamus, African buffalo, and sable antelope.
The park was formerly known for its large elephant population. It had numbered 34,000 in the Ruaha-Rungwa ecosystem in 2009, before declining to only 15,836, plus or minus 4,759, in 2015. In February 2018, the carcasses of 6 lions and 74 vultures were found. They appear to have been poisoned
Ndutu is located in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, in the southeastern plains of the Serengeti ecosystem. The plains around Ndutu are the main holding ground for migratory animals where vast herds congregate and linger for more than four months, from December to April, before they start moving across the Serengeti in search of greener pastures and water.
Ndutu area forms an important part of the Serengeti ecosystem, in particular the short grass plains which provide calving grounds for wildebeest and other migratory animals, usually taking place between January and March. “This is their home pastureland, the only place of any protracted residence” wrote David Martin in his Ngorongoro guide book.
Big herds of migratory animals in their hundreds of thousands can be seen here from December before they start fanning out into central Serengeti in April / May, with predators including lions, cheetah, hyenas, and jackals closely following. Ndutu is also famous for its resident game, including lions, cheetah, leopard, genets, striped hyena, elephants, impala, hartebeest, giraffes, dikdik, and reedbucks which can be viewed throughout the year.